For centuries, Great Britain’s economy had been based on agriculture. Everything changed with what was later to be called the industrial revolution. Primary and secondary industries appeared. Large-scale production, with its reduced costs, developed in factories and manufacturing plants.
More and more workers moved to the cities, drawn by the wages they could earn. An expanding railway network improved communications between regions and fostered the exchange of goods and the movement of people.
By the late eighteenth century, Great Britain was experiencing a rapid industrial boom. Canada was to have a similar experience in the last quarter of the nineteenth century.